Discounted Cash Flow Model
The discounted cash flow (DCF) model is an investment valuation method that estimates the present value of an investment by projecting its future cash flows. DCF analysis involves making assumptions about the future performance of a company or asset and forecasting how this performance will generate cash flows. By applying a calculation known as net present value (NPV), these projected future cash flows are adjusted to their present value. The NPV calculation aids in determining the appropriate valuation an investor should assign to the asset’s expected future cash flows, guiding the amount they should be willing to invest in the asset at the present time.